DPV1 / Discrete Phono Preamplifier

complete DPV1

Table of Contents



Since 2005 I work with the XOno phono preamplifier of Pass Labs and now it was time to use the experiences gained over the years to develop my own discrete phono preamplifier – the RStAudio DPV1. It is based on the conclusion that there is a lot to improve in the XOno circuitry and of course has the genes of this excellent phono preamplifier in it. Finally I wanted to see what I could get out of an optimized design of this circuit topology.

The following list contains the essential technical features for the development of the DPV1:

  • DC Coupling from input to output
  • mixed passive (75μs) and active (318μs, 3180μs) RIAA equalization
  • discrete amplifier stages
  • 2 pluggable MC preamplifier
  • discrete voltage regulators
  • all adjustable values can be switched by relay

Although I do not have the schematics, there will be similarities and matches with the XP-25 and the Xs Phono preamplifier of Pass Labs. These two phono preamplifiers are also further developments of the XOno.

on the 2018/04/10 the DPV1 has taken over the place of the XOno in my VV5 preamplifier

Shortly after the first release of this page I already got some requests for this phono preamplifier. The reproduction is quite difficult because 28× 2SK170BL and an equally large number of 2SJ74BL – most of the parts have to be matched – are needed. In addition, the relays can only be controlled via a microcontroller circuit. That’s why my DPV1 will remain a unique piece for now. There will also be no publication or distribution of circuit diagrams.

Main Board with RIAA Equalization


The main board is designed to have exactly the size and holes of my XOno boards in the VV5 preamplifier. So I can replace this board directly and without major modifications – only the software in the microcontroller has to be adapted.

This board contains the following components :

  • slots for 2 MC preamplifiers
  • passive 75μs input filter
  • discrete amplifier with 40dB gain incl. RIAA equalization (318μs, 3180μs)
  • discrete inverting amplifier for generating the balanced output signal
  • two servo controllers for DC stabilization of the discrete amplifiers
  • passive low impedance 50kHz low pass filter at the output
  • DC supply voltage input with CLC filtering
  • discrete voltage regulators with optimized circuit topology
  • digital control of all relays

The amplifiers are discrete operational amplifiers with exactly the same design except for their respective feedback. The input of these amplifiers is formed by a low-noise JFET differential amplifier with cascode. The output stage is operated with a high quiescent current for sound reasons and therefore corresponding heat sinks are required on the board. In addition, there are two current source at the output which ensures single ended class A operation with low level control. Because of the use of servo-controllers I can omit coupling capacitors at the outputs.

There are 2 slots for preamplifiers on the board. These are always required when using MC pickups due to the additional amplification needed. But even when using an MM system, because of the passive 75μs filter at the input, it needs at least a low-noise buffer – due to my preference for MC systems, this is more of an academic consideration for me. The output signal of these two boards is switched by a relay directly before the input of the RIAA amplifier. Both plug-in boards have their own additional voltage post-regulators at their slots.

As usual with my designs, all relays are controlled via an I²C bus. This ensures that no digital signal is transmitted if nothing is switched. An influence of the sensitive phono signals is thus excluded. In addition, the digital ground is completely separated from the analog ground.

Main Board with RIAA Equalization

Main Board with RIAA Equalization

MC Prepreamplifier


At the input of the MC preamplifier there are switchable resistors adapted to the pickups I use. They are connected to ground by means of relays. This allows adjustments of the input resistance for the connected moving coil pickup to be made over a wide range.

As the first amplifier stage, 4 n-channel JFETs connected in parallel and also 4 p-channel JFETs connected in parallel are used. Both circuits have an additional cascode on the common drain. It is therefore a complementary single ended input stage. The self-noise level of the stage is significantly reduced by the parallel connection.

The input stage is followed by a complementary output driver also with JFETs connected in parallel. The amplification of the entire input stage can be switched. The DC offset is set to the smallest possible value with a trimmer and can also be actively controlled by a servo controller. For the servo-controller, I used a very high-quality audio operational amplifier at this point.

MC Prepreamplifier

MC Prepreamplifier

Audiophile Performance


How does this phono preamplifier sound compared to the XOno?

The first thing you immediately notice is the silence when the needle is lifted. This phono preamplifier is completely noiseless at a set gain of 71dB. After about 5 hours of intensive listening it is clear that there is no way back to the XOno. But of course there is still play in time needed to make a final judgment.

A few weeks have now passed since commissioning. The break-in time was shorter than with a XOno, which is certainly due to the missing coupling capacitors. The DPV1 is much quieter than my previous XOno. The fine detail resolution has improved once again. The music comes with an incredible intensity, musicality and precision as I have never heard it before from vinyl. I claim unmodest that it’s the best phono preamp I’ve heard so far – and there were already some really well slandered ones there. As already described above, there is definitely no way back for me.